London is one of the most popular cities in the world. It is famous as a world financial center, but also as a tourist hot spot and center of culture. Many travelers (especially Americans) will go to London for their first international experience (not just because the British speak the same language with cool accents, though that helps) but also because of the huge historical and cultural connections between the countries.
The history of the British Empire means that most parts of the world have connections to London, which probably contributed to most of the world loving all kinds of things that came out of London (Shakespeare, James Bond, architecture, genres of music, etc..).
London has way too many things to do and see to fit into this one post. This post serves as a primer to show some of the top spots that people instantly recognize as “London”. The city is extremely accessible to foreigners, and locals are very friendly and accustomed to tourists.
Read on to see the 10 things you can’t miss when visiting London for the first time!
Tower Bridge, or as I call it the Peter Pan bridge (if you don’t know why just google Peter Pan bridge and find out) is another immediately recognizable landmark of London. It often gets called the London Bridge, but that is actually a different bridge crossing the same river, though it isn’t as iconic as Tower Bridge is.
You can walk across Tower Bridge for free, but if you want to cross the high-level deck or through the towers you have to pay for a tour. I haven’t paid for the tour, but I’ve definitely posed for pictures in front of this bridge (it’s bigger than it often looks in pictures).
The London Eye is a humongous Ferris wheel situated right on the shore of the River Thames in the heart of London. When constructed, the London Eye was the tallest Ferris wheel in the world (recently beaten out by the High Roller in my current home city of Las Vegas, you can read more about that here).
The wheel is so big that passengers don’t just on the traditional bench seats, but ride around in pods that can fit up to 25 people. This allows you to hang out with friends as the wheel turns, which is probably why this is now the most popular paid tourist attraction in London.
The entire ride takes about half an hour, which gives you plenty of time to enjoy expansive city views. The wheel is lit up at night, though the coloring often changes, so the wheel stands out as a beautiful landmark from all around town.
In case you did not know, Buckingham Palace is where the Queen of England lives. Even though the Queen is generally more of a figurehead rather than a full time leader, the British royal family is still an incredibly important symbol for the United Kingdom.
This royal palace still functions as a residence, but is an obvious tourist attraction due to the fact that it is known worldwide, has beautiful gardens, tours like an art gallery, and once again is obviously a palace!
Double Decker Busses
Most countries in the world today drive on the right hand side of the road, but the United Kingdom is one of the few that drives on the left.
Make sure you know this and look both ways before crossing a road to make sure you don’t get hit by one of London’s famous red double decker busses. London isn’t the only city that has these, but I do think that they are the most famous user of them. When a passenger upstairs on one I’m perpetually afraid of ramming into an overpass, though of course that hasn’t happened to me yet.
This large park is in the middle of the city offers a stark contrast from bustling city life (similar to Central Park in New York Central Park in New York). It is situated very close to Buckingham Palace, but open to the public. Due to it being open to the public is often a location where protests are staged.
What I think is most interesting about this park is that it was a common site for duels to take place, and dozens of individuals died defending their honor. Free concerts are often played in this park, so be sure to check to see if there is some band there you would like to see.
Trafalgar Square is immediately recognizable as a European landmark. The name commemorates a British navy victory in the battle of Trafalgar in the Napoleonic Wars against France and Spain. Today the square features tons of sculptures, art, fountains, and even commonly protestors. You can learn a lot about British history just by walking around the square and reading all the plaques.
I recognize Trafalgar Square from the New Year’s celebrations, kind of like they use Time’s Square in New York (though I totally do NOT recommend going to New York City for a New Year’s Eve celebration – do you know how hard it is to find a bathroom in those situations?)
The Making of Harry Potter Studio Tour
For those of you who are “Pottophiles” this spot is a can’t miss. This site is not a theme park like they have in Orlando Florida Orlando Florida but a behind the scenes tour of the making of the movies.
Harry Potter fans will love seeing the exquisite details that went into the film making, discovering many things they missed while watching. I actually haven’t had a chance to do this studio tour, but if you are a Harry Potter fan at all, the way that visitors rate it immediately makes it a can’t miss on a trip to London.
Palace of Westminster (Big Ben)
Many people have no clue what the Palace of Westminster is, or they often call the entire building Big Ben. The Palace of Westminster is the home of the two houses of British Parliament (for Americans, this is the equivalent of the Capitol Building where the House of Representatives and the Senate meet).
In the United Kingdom the Palace of Westminster houses the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The term Westminster in general has come to mean UK Parliament.
The iconic clock tower on the end of the Palace of Westminster is another symbol of London, and though the clock is often called Big Ben, the name of the main bell is actually Big Ben rather than the tower or the building. This is another can’t miss site along the River Thames.
King’s Cross Station (and Platform 9 and ¾)
It would be hard to miss King’s Cross station on a trip to London even if you wanted to. The central location of this train and tube station (subway) make it an immediate gateway to a ton of the tourist hot spots.
The tube is definitely the easiest and cheapest way to get around London, and I recommend just buying a day pass to hop around. If you need to go farther out, then there are trains constantly taking off in all directions. Also, for the Harry Potter fans again this is the site of Platform 9 ¾. My husband is a huge nerd that couldn’t help but love seeing this!
Tower of London
The Tower of London is not really a tower at all, but a castle located in the middle of the city also immediately off of the River Thames. It’s history goes back over 1,000 years, and its previously served as a royal residence, prison, armory, treasury, and even a zoo. One of my favorite things about it is that it has land and water gates, and a moat, but don’t get your hopes up too high because the moat currently isn’t filled with water. This castle has definitely seen its fair share of attacks! It also is the current home of the Crowne Jewels, and many other things that make it another one of London’s most popular attractions.
I included this in here largely because of my husband. Any times he visits an English soccer stadium he immediately lights up like a kid in a candy store. His favorite is Stamford Bridge, home of Chelsea FC (football club), but you can go to the stadium of a number of top London teams to get a similar experience.
The atmosphere around an English football match is electric. The British are extremely passionate about their teams, and simply being around the stadium on game day gives you a chance to observe this. I
f you want to make friends immediately show up in the colors of the home team and root for a win. The celebrations will continue in the streets or local pubs long after each match, but be careful because people can definitely get rowdy.
Westminster Abbey is one of the most famous churches in the world. Originally it was a Catholic church, but now belong to the Church of England (interesting history worth looking up if you aren’t familiar with the transition). The gothic architecture is incredibly old, but this famous building has been the site of countless coronations, funerals, and royal weddings (yes, this is where Prince William and Kate got married).
What else do you think a first time visitor shouldn’t miss?
If you only have 2 days to spend in London make sure to check out this London Itinerary here!